Application of the method Building Information Modeling and use of RFID technology to improve occupational safety in the construction and property industry

Project No. FF-FP 0389


completed 10/2017


The method BIM is the latest topic in construction and real estate. The primary challenge is to identify, define, standardize and protect prevention-relevant information, and to make it available to preventive measures using the BIM method. By digitizing and its related media-consistent continuity of OSH-related process data throughout the life cycle of buildings, the work safety and health protection should be improved fundamentally.


  • Performing a process analysis along the life cycle of buildings with regard to occupational safety and health-related processes that can be optimized by the use of the BIM method and use of Auto ID technologies.
  • Identification and standardization of processes
  • Definition of information to be collected and depth of the information content
  • Process Modeling
  • Definition of a process with particular relevance to the accident insurance institutions - demonstration process.

For BIM to be successfully used in the area of occupational health and safety, the processes must first be looked at in detail. Within the framework of the research project, a process map was developed to map all relevant occupational health and safety processes including the associated tasks and responsibilities during the lifecycle phases of the planning, realization and operation of a building. The required information (information input) as well as the generated information (information output) per process were determined, assigned and combined into a continuous information process. Through close collaboration with experts from the field, the developed process map could be verified in the sense of the information-protection-relevant information provision. Evaluations can then be generated from the developed information process, for example, required information for each responsibility and process in the corresponding lifecycle phase. Further evaluation variants are possible. These evaluations are ultimately intended as an aid to provide project-specific requirements (BIM requirements) to digital applications (BIM application), e.g. a web app for individual trades. In order to provide detailed information in a targeted and digital manner, a project-specific information management is necessary, which is the responsibility of the client. This should be defined at the beginning of the project in order to make use of preventive possibilities. In this case, the project-sharing roles (for example, BIM author or BIM users), amount of information (e.g. a 3D model or concrete attributes), delivery times (e.g. after confirmation of the order) and digital tools (e.g. Tablet or Augmented-Reality- Application). The previous points form the basis for efficient building information modeling in terms of occupational health and safety. Only after an extensive adjustment of the digital requirements, a contractor can meet a client's qualifications, equipment and requirements. An individual view of the organizational possibilities of the contractors is crucial, since BIM has not yet reached the protection of the construction and real estate sector.


A demonstrator was developed within the framework of the research project in order to demonstrate possibilities for occupational health and safety. This demonstrates the applications of Augmented Reality (AR) and a commercially available tablet with web app, in combination with blue-tooth beacons and RFID technology, based on a common data base.

Last Update:

8 Aug 2018


Financed by:
  • Deutsche Gesetzliche Unfallversicherung e. V. (DGUV)
Research institution(s):
  • Bergische Universität Wuppertal

-cross sectoral-

Type of hazard:



occupational health and safety management

Description, key words:

RFID, construction, property industry, RFID, Building Information Modeling