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Dr Wolfgang Pflaumbaum
Alte Heerstr. 111
53757 Sankt Augustin
Tel.: +49 2241 231-2712
Fax: +49 2241 231-2234
Occupational exposure limit values (OELs)
Occupational exposure limit values are an important tool for the protection of employees from risks to their health and safety due to hazardous substances. According to Art. 3, Sec. 6 of the German Hazardous Substances Ordinance (GefStoffV), the occupational exposure limits (Arbeitsplatzgrenzwerte - AGW) state the concentration of a substance below which acute or chronic harmful effects on health are not generally expected. OELs are thus based exclusively on available occupational medical experience and toxicological findings.
OELs (AGW) for chemical substances in workplace air are derived or evaluated by the Committee on Hazardous Substances (Hazardous Substances Commission, Ausschuss für Gefahrstoffe - AGS) according to the criteria of the BekGS 901 „Kriterien zur Ableitung von Arbeitsplatzgrenzwerten“ (GMBl. 2010, No. 32, p. 691) and published in the TRGS 900. The AGS evaluates OEL proposals from the following sources:
- The MAK values of the DFG Commission for the Investigation of Health Hazards of Chemical Compounds in the Work Area (DFG: German Research Foundation)
- The indicative OELs of the European Commission
- International limit values (e.g. from the Netherlands)
The Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs in Germany is publishing the OELs from 2007 onwards in the Joint Ministerial Gazette (Gemeinsames Ministerialblatt) and in the Federal Gazette (Bundesanzeiger). Information on OELs is contained in the following:
- GESTIS database - International limit values for chemical agents
- GESTIS substance database with facts and figures on hazardous substances
- Gefahrstoffliste (Hazardous Substances List) online (in German)
- Grenzwerteliste 2013 (Limit Value List) online (in German)
- TRGS 900 (in German)
- European Commission, Criteria documents for Occupational Exposure Limits.
Occupational exposure limit values for carcinogenic substances
In accordance with the German Ordinance on hazardous substances (GefStoffV), the employer must ensure that the workplace exposure limits are complied with at work. However, a workplace exposure limit cannot currently be derived for the vast majority of carcinogenic substances. For this reason, the Committee on Hazardous Substances (AGS) established an overall concept for setting risk-based limit values for carcinogenic substances in a social policy document (published in 2008 in Announcement 910). The risk-based values are based upon a working lifetime of 40 years and continuous exposure every working day. The concept is closely related to a concept of graduated measures for minimizing risk in the workplace.
The concept of risk-based limit values for carcinogenic substances is in a testing phase lasting several years. Incorporation of the concept into the Ordinance on hazardous substances will be discussed in the future.
Substance-specific concentration figures derived from well-founded exposure-risk models are compiled in Announcement 910 and should be taken into account by the employers during their risk assessment.
- Guide for the quantification of cancer risk figures after exposure to carcinogenic hazardous substances for establishing limit values at the workplace